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Nonferrous Metal Industry: information technology adds luster to the industry

as one of the top ten industries adjusted and revitalized by the country, the nonferrous metal industry may be a little strange to people compared with automobile, light industry, textile and other industries. However, as one of the important raw material industries of the pillar of the national economy, the non-ferrous metal industry has the characteristics of many kinds of products, wide application fields and large industrial relevance, and plays an important role in the economic and social development. Not long ago, the release of the "non ferrous metal industry adjustment and revitalization plan" has injected a strong impetus into the development of non-ferrous metal industry under the current economic situation, and also brought unprecedented opportunities for the development of industrial informatization. Under the current situation, the current situation, existing problems and future development priorities and breakthroughs of the informatization development of the non-ferrous metal industry are the focus of the industry, so that the total flow into the load is greater than the flow of the pump

informatization construction started early

nonferrous metal industry is one of the earliest industries in China to open to the outside world, and the informatization construction of nonferrous metal industry is also relatively early in various industries. In fact, the construction of industrial informatization is to meet the needs of international competition, which can be said to be closely related to the high degree of dependence on the opening up of the non-ferrous metal industry. "At present, the transformation of traditional industries such as non-ferrous metals with electronic information technology has reached a new breadth and depth. It can be said that the integration of the two industries has achieved remarkable results." Zheng Zhongxiang, vice chairman of computer and Automation Society of China Nonferrous Metals Society and director of China automation society, commented on the informatization status of the nonferrous metals industry in an interview with China Electronics News a few days ago

Zheng Zhongxiang told that the application of information technology in the non-ferrous metal industry is mainly reflected in several aspects: first, the popularity and coverage of computer-aided design and manufacturing (cad/cam) have been greatly improved. So far, nearly 100 kinds of screws have been improved. Cad/cam is widely used in product design and processing by major production and processing enterprises. Major design and research institutes abandoned the drawing board and used CAD system for engineering design on the basis of network. For example, Beijing Nonferrous Metal Design Institute, Luoyang nonferrous metal processing design institute, Shenyang Aluminum Magnesium Design Institute, Guiyang Aluminum Magnesium Design Institute, Nanchang nonferrous metal design institute, etc. have invested a lot of money to build an advanced cad/mis (computer aided design/management information system) integrated system, and established a PDM (product data, engineering drawings) database management system, which has greatly accelerated the progress of engineering design and improved the engineering quality and market competitiveness

second, microelectronics and computer technology are widely used in industrial production process control. These technologies have developed from unit control and single equipment control to the production process control of the whole production line. PLC (power line communication), DCS (distributed control system) and fieldbus technology have been widely used in process control. The real-time production data and information of major large and medium-sized enterprises are connected with the backbone of the enterprise through fieldbus, and the production situation can be directly transmitted to the leadership and management departments of the enterprise, which greatly improves the level of production monitoring and management. The transformation of information technology has improved the process control method and technical level, and has been upgraded from manual control, mechanical control, PID (automatic control system) control to "multi-path control", "fuzzy control", "digital analog control", "optimization control", etc

third, the construction of enterprise management information system and network communication has also been further popularized and improved. Large and medium-sized non-ferrous enterprises have established management information systems at different levels. With the reform of enterprise system and mechanism, the traditional MIS system has been transformed into a modern enterprise MIS system. For example, the establishment of CIPS (intelligent production) system in Shaoguan Smelter, the development of "management and control integration" computer management information system in Qinghai Aluminum Plant, the CIMS (modern integrated manufacturing system) project implemented by Pingguo Aluminum Company, and the completion and operation of "three in one" comprehensive information of Tongling company have brought remarkable benefits to the enterprise, and also represent the current direction of network construction

from the perspective of enterprise informatization construction, in the process of informatization construction for many years, more than a dozen non-ferrous metal enterprises, such as Chinalco, Southwest Aluminum, Tongling Nonferrous Metals, Jinchuan Group, Yunnan tin, Baiyin Nonferrous Metals, Zigong Cemented Carbide, Aomei aluminum, have been rated as China's top 500 enterprise informatization enterprises. Zheng Zhongxiang told China Electronics News that at present, technological innovation in the non-ferrous metal industry, such as nylon 610, with a water content of 3%, has achieved remarkable results. For example, in terms of key technologies in the non-ferrous metal industry, Chinalco Southwest Aluminum and Nanshan Group have built a world-class modern hot continuous rolling production line for aluminum and aluminum alloy, and through the digestion and re innovation of foreign technologies, they have produced high-precision aluminum strips. After the "double flash" copper smelting technology of Shandong Xiangguang Copper Co., Ltd. was successfully put into operation, all technical indicators reached the advanced level. In the field of energy conservation and consumption reduction in the non-ferrous metal industry, the comprehensive AC power consumption of aluminum ingots fell to 14323 kwh/ton in 2008, down 118 kwh/ton from 2007, saving 1.6 billion kwh; The comprehensive energy consumption of copper smelting decreased to 380.9 kg standard coal/ton, a year-on-year decrease of 8.5%; The comprehensive energy consumption of lead smelting fell to 472.9 kg standard coal/ton, a year-on-year decrease of 5.6%; The comprehensive energy consumption of zinc smelting fell to 973.9 kg standard coal/ton, a year-on-year decrease of 17.2%

the application level of the lack of standardization system needs to be improved

the current international financial crisis undoubtedly has a great impact on the development of various industries, and the non-ferrous metal industry is also inevitably impacted. Industrial restructuring and M & A integration have become current priorities, which also brings great challenges to the enterprise information system. In this regard, Wen Xinrong, deputy general manager of the information management department of Aluminum Corporation of China, said that in the current environment, the market is changing, technology is also changing, and the internal business model of the enterprise, including management methods and management ideas, is changing. How to face these changes is the main challenge faced by informatization

in this regard, Wen Xinrong cited an example: people who pay attention to McDonald's and KFC fast food chains will find that although these enterprises expand very fast, they can still succeed because they have a set of standardized operation procedures. Chinalco has been exploring how to find a standard system suitable for enterprise information construction, so as to maintain the relative stability of enterprise development, and no longer make the enterprise information system obsolete after oneortwo years. He believes that whether it is the construction of management system, application system or infrastructure such as geogrid, pressure vessel and insulating rod, we should pay attention to the formulation and implementation of standards and plans, and minimize the variable parts, so that the branches can work quickly under a unified construction framework and actively respond to the expansion of the company

in the information construction of non-ferrous metal industry, a common and prominent problem is that there will be a large number of "information islands". For example, some enterprises have implemented ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning), but the system can not operate well and can not achieve the goal of enterprise resource optimization. Xiao Yu, director of the information center of Chinalco Luoyang Copper Co., Ltd., believes that the non-ferrous metal industry has indeed done a lot of work in enterprise informatization, but from the perspective of the whole industry, the application degree and application level of information technology are limited, and there is a large gap compared with the advanced departments and industries in developed countries and domestic information technology applications. The overall equipment of information technology is backward, the development funds are seriously insufficient, and there is a lack of high-level electronic information technology talents, which hinders the non-ferrous industry from improving the efficiency and level of production, operation, management and decision-making

in addition, the number of enterprises in the non-ferrous metal industry is large, the scale is small, the management process is complex, the information foundation is weak, and the talent shortage. Few enterprises have fully and successfully implemented ERP, especially the majority of small and medium-sized enterprises are not confident in implementing ERP, and there is no ready-made ERP software that can fully meet the needs of the non-ferrous industry. The problems of repeated development and repeated construction of enterprises are prominent

ZHENG Zhongxiang believes that with the development of non-ferrous metal industry, some problems in information construction have also been exposed. First, the development of informatization construction is uneven. From the perspective of the whole industry, the informatization construction process of large enterprises is faster, and the construction process of small and medium-sized enterprises is relatively slow. Secondly, the application level and technical level are not high. From the analysis of the whole industry, the information system construction of most non-ferrous metal enterprises is still in the stage of transaction processing and local information management. Some enterprise MIS (Management Information System) systems can realize enterprise level management, and a few enterprises have entered the stage of management and control integration or promotion to CIMS (computer modern integrated manufacturing system). In terms of the established enterprise information system and computer network level, most enterprises are still in the stage of low-speed shared baseband network and traditional MIS system, showing a situation of "information island", "vassal economy", information resources can not be shared and coordinated operation, which is far from the requirements of modern enterprises and network economy

management and production informatization two pronged approach

under the background of the current national revitalization of the non-ferrous metal industry, how to seize the opportunity to develop the informatization construction of the industry has become the focus of the industry. In terms of enterprise information construction, generally speaking, it mainly includes the application of information technology in management and production. As for the development focus of information technology in these two aspects, the "Eleventh Five Year Plan" for the transformation and upgrading of information technology in traditional industries (hereinafter referred to as the "plan") has pointed out the direction for us

the plan points out that in the metallurgical industry, the task of structural upgrading and resource integration of the metallurgical industry during the "Eleventh Five Year Plan" period is arduous, and the key to the application of information technology is to support the structural transformation of the metallurgical industry in both production and management. On the one hand, through the application of artificial intelligence, simulation and other technologies, we can further expand the functions of existing automation equipment, realize intelligent production, break through the process limits, and promote the upgrading of product structure; On the other hand, focusing on the needs of improving resource utilization efficiency and energy conservation and emission reduction, we should play the role of information technology in improving the management level and promoting the circular economy model

in terms of informatization at the enterprise management level, Zhang Yi, executive deputy general manager of UFIDA Zhiyuan, said in an interview with China Electronics News that the informatization of the non-ferrous metal industry has two main tasks to solve: first, to improve the efficiency of the inherent process, it is generally to use ERP system to manage the affairs that solidify the process; Second, to improve the efficiency of non inherent processes, we need to use collaborative office to solve it. ERP is the foundation and collaboration is the promotion. Both serve the modernization of management and the improvement of effective production. To sum up, the collaborative office and management needs of the non-ferrous metal industry should first solve the problem of "cross regional communication"; Secondly, we should realize "flexible collaboration" or "flexible collaboration", which can make different processes, different matters and different personnel resonate

in terms of informatization construction at the production level of enterprises, Zheng Zhongxiang also said that the main task of informatization construction of non-ferrous industry is to pay attention to the construction of "management and control integrated system" of non-ferrous industry, accelerate the "integration of two modernizations", and gradually realize intelligent control and intelligent management. Among them, the primary task is to do a good job in the industrial automation of non-ferrous industry. He believes that industrial automation technology and information technology are not the same. For non-ferrous metal enterprises, automatic

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